Yukio Mishima, , .}}|三島 由紀夫|Mishima Yukio|extra=January 14, 1925November 25, 1970}}, real name was a Japanese author, poet, playwright, actor, model, film director, imperialist, Shintoist, nationalist, and founder of the . Mishima is considered one of the most important Japanese authors of the 20th century. He was considered for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1968, but the award went to his countryman and benefactor Yasunari Kawabata. His works include the novels ''Confessions of a Mask'' (仮面の告白, Kamen no kokuhaku) and ''The Temple of the Golden Pavilion'' (金閣寺, Kinkakuji) as well as the autobiographical essay "Sun and Steel" (太陽と鉄, ''Taiyo to tetsu''). Mishima's work is characterized by "its luxurious vocabulary and decadent metaphors, its fusion of traditional Japanese and modern Western literary styles, and its obsessive assertions of the unity of beauty, eroticism and death."
Mishima's political activities were controversial, and he remains a controversial figure in modern Japan. Ideologically, Mishima was a right-winger who praised the traditional culture and spirit of Japan. He opposed Japan's postwar democracy, globalism, and communism, worrying that by embracing these ideas the Japanese people would lose their "national essence" (''kokutai'') and their distinctive cultural heritage (Shinto and Yamato-damashii) to become a "rootless" people. Mishima formed the Tatenokai, an unarmed civilian militia, for the avowed purpose of restoring sacredness and dignity to the Japanese Emperor. On November 25, 1970, Mishima and four members of his militia entered a military base in central Tokyo, took the commandant hostage, and attempted to inspire the Japan Self-Defense Forces to rise up and overthrow Japan's 1947 Constitution, which he called "a constitution of defeat." When this was unsuccessful, Mishima committed seppuku. Provided by Wikipedia